Cuba’s Independence Day 

By  Alexis Martin

May 20, Cuba's Independence day

On May 20, 1902, the Cuban flag was raised in Havana for the first time. This date marked the beginning of the Cuban republic; however, Cuba reminded a protectorate of the United States from 1902 until 1934.

The US intervene in Cuba’s independence war and started what was known as the Spanish-American war involving Spain’s last colonies in the Caribbean and the pacific. Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam.


Cuban Independence war.

This day of independence from Spain marked a sweet and sour relationship with the United States. While the US helped industrialize the Cuban economy with investments and preferred treatment for Cuban sugar exports in the other hand it held a strong grip on the Cuban political system with the Platt amendment which simply put gives the US the right to invade and intervene in Cuba as it sees it fit. This also started the lease for the US naval base in Guantanamo Bay Cuba.

Us Flag Brought Down and Cuban Flag Raised

Bringing down the American Flag and Raising the Cuban Flag in Havana, Cuba. 

Cuba's history has always been connected one way or another to the US, most of our biggest patriots lived were influenced by the US founding fathers. Most of the weapons used by the Cuban fighters during the independence war were smuggled into Cuba by Cuban exiled based in the US.  See the Fernandina Plan

Birth of the Guayabera?

Nobody knows for sure but in my opinion,  the Guayabera shirt evolved from the uniform the Spanish Army brought to Cuba during the Cuban independence war.  Their uniforms had bottom pockets to aid in the loading of the weapons used at the time when you had the bullet and cartridge separate.

The guayabera shirt became a symbol of Cuba and has been worn all over the world as a classic and comfortable style that does not go away.  One of the earliest references to the Guayabera is a poem from Juan Cristobal Napoles Fajardo (1829 - 1861).

Spanish Uniform in Cuba

Spanish Uniform

Spanish Uniforms in Cuba

Spanish Uniform Collection

Guayabera Shirt Guide

MyCubanStore Guayabera

Alexis Martin

I'm a first-generation Cuban immigrant. I have a passion for everything Cuba. I love to share our culture and my expertise in the world-famous Guayabera Shirt. On December 18, 2002, I sold my first Cuban Guayabera shirt online. I fell in love with the process and the fact that this is a business, you always have to be willing to learn. Many things have changed since then, new software services, new concepts. At Mycubanstore.com, we had been able to ride different market waves. We are always humbled and grateful for this privilege of building a future in this great country.

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